Accidents are unplanned and unintentional events and are costly in terms of harm or loss to personnel, property, production, and the environment. A study carried out by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) in the United Kingdom states that “human error is a major contributory cause of 90 percent of accidents”. The same study shows that 70 percent of these accidents could have been prevented by management actions. If work condition is designed appropriately to the actors/human capability and everyone in the workplace could have a better understanding of what physical and organizational factors or preconditions contribute to human error, then the potential errors could be greatly reduced.
In order to address human errors in workplace safety we should find out: (1) how an injury could occur, (2) what are human roles as the key contributor and (3) how to prevent the errors by considering human factors. Human factors refer to the human behavior as a result of intervention of different factors involved in an organization as a system to reach a goal. The factors involve in the organization are, job (the tasks), individual character and attitudes, the organization (value, believes, culture, etc) and the social factors in the context.
Since middle of 20th century many efforts have been made to minimize the injury at the workplaces. These could improve safety but not enough to fulfill the nowadays demands in terms of for instance social and institutional tolerability. In fact it has been recognized that human behavior should be considered seriously to reach to a safer situation in a workplace and safety culture have been received considerable attention and represents an important theoretical perspective in research to improve the human behavior to prevent the injuries at the workplaces and SHE is the tool which is used for this purpose. In fact SHE management provides a systematic approach to identify hazards and risks and minimize their effects to an acceptable level throughout an organization.
Since workplace safety and green production/industry and environmental benign operation are very important issues to establish a sustainable society, University of Necmettin Erbakan intends to develop a Competence Center for SHE and Ethics. The center will focus on training and research. These activities will be focused on ethics principles, workplace & occupational safety, environmental risk management including waste minimization & management, Hazard identification and decision making under uncertainty.